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The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) is a democratic regulatory program that is in place through the USDA to safeguard the health of the nation’s poultry industry. The federal cooperative program works to prevent the introduction of dangerous and costly diseases, enhance international trade, and is utilized to apply new diagnostic technology for the improvement of poultry and poultry products throughout the United States.
The program was initially developed to eliminate Pullorum Disease caused by Salmonella pullorum which was rampant in the 1930s and could cause up to 80% mortality in baby poultry. Testing and monitoring later extended to Salmonella typhoid, Salmonella enteritidis, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasma meleagridis, and Avian Influenza. While the program was originally built for breeders, NPIP now includes commercial poultry, turkeys, waterfowl, exhibition poultry backyard poultry and game birds.
NPIP consists of programs that test for many diseases of poultry. In Michigan, lay people are trained and certified to test for pullorum disease. All other testing is done by veterinarians or at animal diagnostic laboratories. Pullorum disease testing is required for sales and exhibitions in Michigan. In addition, most states require pullorum testing of fowl before they or their eggs or baby birds are allowed to be imported.

Steps to become a Pullorum-Clean NPIP site

What are the steps to register my flock as a pullorum free flock with NPIP?

You must have your flock tested by a certified blood-tester or licensed and accredited veterinarian in Michigan (See the certified blood tester list). Terms are between you and the tester. (To become a certified blood tester, see Events: Blood Tester Workshop for more information.)

Flocks less than 300 birds must test all birds. Flocks over 300 birds must test a minimum of 300 birds.

You and the blood-tester must complete the NPIP Veterinary Services (VS) 9-2 Form (Flock Testing and Selection). Bird stock code numbers must be included on the 9-2 form (See the stock code list).

The completed 9-2 form and the initial site registration fee must be submitted to Michigan Allied Poultry Industries for processing. [MAPI, PO Box 144, Hamilton, MI 49419]

Please include your email and phone number with your flock registration information.

You will be notified by Michigan Allied Poultry Industries of your flock’s status and flock number assigned by the national NPIP office.

NPIP Frequently Asked Questions

1. Should I register my flock with NPIP?
2. What does NPIP designation give me?
3. What are the costs associated with NPIP designation?
4. Why is Michigan's NPIP cost so high?
5. Am I covered for more diseases than Pullorum?
6. What if my flock becomes infected with a disease other than Pullorum?
7. I purchased birds from a NPIP registered flock and they appear to be sick. What do I do?
8. Are there any bird species that NPIP does not cover?
9. I have a NPIP registered flock and I want to bring new birds into my flock. What is the appropriate procedure?
10. What is the minimum age to test birds for flock registration/renewal?
11. What do I need to do annually to maintain my NPIP pullorum free status?
12. What is the difference between the VS 9-2 and the VS 9-3 forms?
13. How do I know what the receiving state requirements are for shipping my birds?
14. Can I receive additional designations beyond Pullorum?
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