Pullorum Blood-Tester Training & Certification
Michigan obtained U.S. Pullorum-Typhoid Clean status in August 1989. To maintain this status, certain disease requirements must be met and are outlined in the National Poultry Improvement Plan and Auxiliary Provisions. All poultry, except waterfowl, pigeons and doves, shown at public exhibition in Michigan must originate from a U.S. pullorum-typhoid clean flock (NPIP certified) or have a negative official test for Salmonella pullorum-typhoid within 90 days before the exhibition, exposition, or show facility.
PULLORUM FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
1. What is Salmonella pullorum testing? What is it for?
2. Do I need to be certified to test for this disease?
3. What are the requirements to become certified?
4. What does the training involve?
5. What is the fee associated with certification?
6. How often do I need to renew my certification?
7. What equipment and/or supplied will I need for pullorum testing?
8. What will it cost to be a certified Pullorum Blood-Tester?
- $30 Certification fee for 3-year certification.
- You will need to purchase the antigen and testing equipment.
- State and federal forms are provided free of charge.
9. Will my birds have to be pullorum tested before they are exhibited at a county fair?
Yes, all poultry except waterfowl, pigeons and doves shown at public exhibition in Michigan must be tested at check in, if not before.
10. I hate standing in line. How can I avoid having my birds tested at check in?
To avoid waiting in line, you may have your birds tested at home by a Certified Pullorum Blood-Tester prior to the fair. Once tested, the birds must be kept segregated from any untested birds on the premises until fair time. If the birds come from a National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) certified flock, no additional testing is required to enter the fair.
11. What happens if one of my birds tested positive?
If a bird tests positive, it will need to be re-tested after 10 to 15 minutes with blood from the opposite wing. If the re-test is negative the bird will be considered negative and has met the requirements for exhibition. If the bird again tests positive, the bird or birds from the same flock must be returned to the premises of origin and kept segregated from all other birds. MDARD must be notified, the premises quarantined, and an investigation will follow. The test positive bird or birds will be sent to the MSU Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health (DCPAH) laboratory for diagnostic testing.
12. What is the difference between the state forms and the federal NPIP forms?
There are 3 forms with 3 different purposes:
- STATE form: AI-013-Avian Test Record is a state form used for testing birds for exhibition.
- FEDERAL form: NPIP VS 9-2 is used for flock certification with the NPIP program
- FEDERAL form: NPIP VS 9-3 is used for NPIP flocks when shipping hatching eggs, chicks or birds out of state.
13. Do I have to test my birds before I can sell them or move them out of state?
You are not required to have birds tested to sell or move them within the state of Michigan. However, many states outside of Michigan will require birds imported into their state be tested negative for Salmonella pullorum. Always check with the receiving state on their importation requirements prior to movement.